Sinus Headaches

Medication for Sinusitis

Sinusitis is an inflammation accompanied by swelling, redness and pain in the lining of the sinuses. The sinuses are air cavities within the facial bones that surround the face. Sinuses can get inflamed due to virus, bacteria, and allergens or a number of other triggers. The inflammation results in the production of mucus that can thicken and harden within the cavities resulting in obstruction in breathing and congestion.

Sinusitis is very common ailment and a millions of people in the US are affected by this condition. Sinusitis if left untreated can cause a number of complications such as obstruction of the passageways that lead from the nose to the throat, bacterial infection of the ear, fever and illness.

Since sinusitis is a complex condition, medication is required to address the attendant problems of the condition. Let us take a look at the various problems that need to be addresses. Sinusitis results in pain, swelling and inflammation. Analgesics are used to reduce the pain that results from this condition. Sinusitis may be caused by or worsened by allergens. Antihistamines or medications used to reduce allergies are essential in the treatment of sinusitis.

Sinusitis causes blockages of the nasal passages and decongestants are used to clear the obstruction thus caused. Decongestants help to ease the breathing and pain caused by hardened mucus.  Hardened mucus not only obstructs breathing but is also a fertile ground for the breeding of bacteria. Antibiotics are used to eliminate bacterial infections.

Thus, we see that a multi pronged approach is necessary to treat sinusitis.  There are a number of other means by which the severity of sinusitis can be reduced. Steam inhalation with menthol vapors help to decongest the nose and clear the sinuses.

In rare cases, if sinusitis is left untreated or if medication has proven to be ineffective, surgery may be the only option.